This is default featured slide 1 title

Go to Blogger edit html and find these sentences.Now replace these sentences with your own descriptions.

This is default featured slide 2 title

Go to Blogger edit html and find these sentences.Now replace these sentences with your own descriptions.

This is default featured slide 3 title

Go to Blogger edit html and find these sentences.Now replace these sentences with your own descriptions.

This is default featured slide 4 title

Go to Blogger edit html and find these sentences.Now replace these sentences with your own descriptions.

This is default featured slide 5 title

Go to Blogger edit html and find these sentences.Now replace these sentences with your own descriptions.

Wednesday, October 15, 2014

STRUCTURE MATERIAL 4: USED TO



USED TO, BE USED TO, GET USED TO
USED TO
Used to shows that:
·         a particular thing always happened or was true in the past.
·         But it no longer happens or is no longer true now:
Examples:
·         David used to live in Madrid.
·         She used to exercise every morning, but since she had that terrible accident she doesn't exercise anymore.
·         Why don't you come and see me like you used to?
Forms of used to
Here are the interrogative, affirmative and negative forms of used to
·         Did you use to exercise regularly?
·         Yes, I used to go jogging nearly everyday.
·         No, I didn't use to exercise on a regular basis.
Used to, be used to, get used to
1.Used to shows that a particular thing always happened or was true in the past (see examples above)
2.Be used to is used to say that something is normal, not unusual.
Examples:
·         I'm used to living alone.
·         Don't worry, John is used to driving for long hours. He has worked as a professional driver for 20 years.
3.Get used shows that something is in the process of becoming normal.
Examples:
·         He doesn't like that small town, but he'll get used to it.
·         She found the heels too high, but she got used to them.
·         Since the divorce, she has become very sad. But I think she'll get used to her new life.
·         I got used to living in Canada in spite of the cold weather.
4. Get used to and be used to are followed by either a noun or a gerund.

Form
BE USED TO + NOUN OR GERUND
GET USED TO + NOUN OR GERUND
Meaning
  1. We use be used to to say that a situation is not new or strange, or is no longer new or strange.
    • I've lived here for ten years now so I'm used to driving in the city.
    • He's not used to working at night so he sometimes falls asleep.
    • Are you used to the climate?
    • I wasn't used to working such long hours when I started my new job.
  2. We use get used to to say that an action or situation becomes less strange or new, or becomes more comfortable.
    • It took them a long time to get used to their new boss.
    • Have you got used to driving on the left yet?
    • She is getting used to waking up early for her new job.
Additional points
  1. We can modify be used to with adverbs.
    • I'm very used to his strange behaviour now.
    • She should be pretty used to living without electricity or running water by now.
Ideas for teaching be and get used to
Have you ever lived or worked abroad? If you have, you probably went through culture shock. I have spent a year teaching in Africa and two years teaching in Japan. I can tell you, it took me a long time to get used to some of the local customs.

(I then give some examples)
It was difficult getting used to having no electricity or running water when I was living in Africa.
In Japan, I had to get used to bowing all the time, every time I met another teacher or anyone to whom I had to show respect.
I had to get used to travelling in terribly crowded trains and being pushed on the train by a professional pusher with white gloves.
I had to get used to putting my hand in front of my mouth every time I smiled, as it is rude for women to show their teeth.
I had to get used to eating with chopsticks!

Students share their culture shock experiences. This can be widened to any new life experience, living alone after living with one's parents, moving from a village to a town, getting married, having a child. These can also be explored.
Delia
I teach "be used to" and "get used to" together, because "get used to" is much easier to explain straight after setting a context for "be used to".

I use the context of being used to driving on a different side of the road. So if you're British and are teaching in a country where they drive on the right, then you're in luck. Likewise, if you're American and are teaching where they drive on the left - you get the idea. (If not, just use "Jimmy" as your example, rather than yourself).

First, ask your students which side of the road they drive on in their country, and in the UK. Then ask them what it was like for you (or Jimmy) when you first arrived in (let's say) Spain. You want to elicit "strange" or "not normal".

Now tell them that you've been living in Spain for a year, and ask them if it is still strange. Here of course you want to elicit that now it's normal for you.

Okay, now that you've established that, draw a timeline on the board, with "PAST" on the left, and "NOW" on the right. Draw a cross to show when you arrived in Spain, and reiterate that it wasn't normal for you to drive on the right. You can even write "not normal" on the timeline. Reiterate also that now it's no longer strange (write normal on the timeline under NOW).

Then present the target language: "Now, it's normal for me to drive on the right. I'm used to driving on the right." When they're happy with this, repeat with the past: "One year ago, it wasn't normal for me to drive on the right, I wasn't used to driving on the right."

Give some other example at this stage, get them to come up with some of their own, until they're quite comfortable with using "be used to "in different tenses and situations. Then you can introduce "get used to". Refer to your timeline, and elicit or present the idea of a change between a year ago and now. Elicit or present this change as "get used to" - "During this time I got used to driving on the right".

And that's pretty much it for the presentation. I find it takes a lot of practice for students to be totally comfortable with it.
Megan
I teach 1st-year Japanese university kids. Generally, they've had a lot of prior grammar instruction but little practice in meaningful use. My task is to activate, or to establish links between patterns they know and how to create meaning.

For 'get used to', I introduce it by talking about my experiences of Japan. While doing so, I draw a timeline on the board. On the left-hand side of the timeline, I write 'Then' and on the right, 'Now'. As students know the past simple, example sentences like, 'When I first saw natto, I thought that it looked funny'. (I accompany this with the appropriate 'yucky' gesture, which usually gets a laugh.) I write 'natto' under 'Then'. I tell my students that 'I had natto three times last week. I like natto.' Under 'Now', 'Like natto' gets written. This forms the basis for the target sentence, 'I didn't like natto at first. Now, I'm used to eating it.'

I repeat this example with others. 'Hardly ever ate rice -- eat it every day' / 'use chopsticks rarely -- use chopsticks with every meal'. And so on.

As students are in their 1st year, they are often not used to university life in all respects. Some are living alone for the first time. I ask them to think about life as a high school student and life now as a university student. Students are asked to copy the timeline from the board and to add their own examples. They produce the target sentence a few times using their examples.

Then, students get in pairs to ask and answer the following question: "How has your life changed since coming to university?" They are encouraged to develop their dialogues into conversations.
Jim
When I teach be used to and get used to I prefer to share practical examples because it helps the trainees to understand the concept better. For example...

"Manish is from a village so obviously he is not accustomed to living in noisy and crowded areas... if he moves to a city he will get frustrated. Why? Because he is not used to living in a city."

Now the trainer can add more to that and continue further with the same example...
"If Manish starts living in the city he will get used to living there..."

So here I can help students to understand that when you get into a habit of doing something you use get used to along with the -ing form of the verb to express a habit of doing something.
Manish
For conversation based adults: When teaching be used to I usually introduce it in the lesson after used to (past). In the used to lesson we look at a familiar movie that has a Cinderella transformation. A current example that is internationally popular is Slumdog Millionaire. We talk about what the lead characters used to do (live in the slums) and what we imagine they do now (live in a mansion).
Jamal used to live in the slums, but now he lives in a big house.
Jamal used to have to steal food, but now he has plenty of money.
In the next class we talk about what the characters had to get used to and what they probably are used to now.
Jamal had to get used to the paparazzi. Now he is used to the media attention.
Especially with adults, they're usually pretty eager to talk about a film that they've just seen or that is very popular, and therefore the conversation isn't forced. In other words, it requires minimal creativity from the students. Depending on the grammar level, you can mix in verb forms.
Anonymous
You can teach "be used to" and "get used to" by talking about marriage and how it changes one's life. Show pictures representing the "habits" you have or had. E.g. I am used to getting up late, I'm not used to washing someone else's clothes, etc. Then, show what "new" things and activities they'll need to adapt to; for example "When you get married, you'll need to get used to your husband's habits.
Alfonso

Quiz: Used to & Be/Get Used To

Instructions: Choose the correct answer

 

·         Q1 - I like it now, but I ____.
·         didn't use to
didn't used to
·         Q2 - I find it hard _____ to the dark evenings in winter.
·         used
get used
to get used
·         Q3 - It took me a while to get used to ____ on a continental keyboard.
·         type
typing
·         Q4 - I _____ to being spoken to like that!
·         am not used
don't get used
used
·         Q5 - I ____ play football on Saturdays when I was at school.
·         was used to
used to
·         Q6 - Before I started cycling, I _____ go to work by bus.
·         used to
got used to
·         Q7 - I haven't studied for ages and I'm finding it hard to get used to _____ every day.
·         study
studied
studying
·         Q8 - I couldn't _____ used to the food.
·         because
get
·         Q9 - He never _____ behave like that.
·         used
used to
·         Q10 - It's taking me a long time to ____ speaking Norwegian.
·         used to
get used to
Be/Get used to
(example : to drive)

- Be/get 'used to' + noun
- Be/get 'used to' +  -ing

Affirmative
Negative
Interrogative

Long Form
Contracted Form





I am used to driving
I am not used to driving
I'm not used to driving
Are you used to driving?

  • To be used to something means to be accustomed to it.
  • To get used to something means to become accustomed to it.
  • 'Used to' is followed either by a noun or by a verb ending in -ing.
    • Noun
      • Tom is used to noise.
      • Julie is used to hard work.
    • Verb
      • Tom is used to living in a noisy street.
      • Julie is used to working hard.
  • 'Used to' refers to something that was strange before and has become
        familiar, something that you have learned to accept.
  • It is used with be and get in all tenses : past, present, future and conditional.
    • Now that I live in France, I am used to driving on the right.
    • Since I moved to the city, I have got used to noise.
    • Before I lived in Italy, I wasn't used to eating pasta.
    • I wasn't used to the weather.  It took me some time to get used to it.
Do not confuse with 'used to' + infinitive.  See more ...

Sources

https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/grammar-reference/used-infinitive-and-beget-used
'used to + infinitive' and 'be/get used to' People often get confused about the use of used to + infinitive and be/get used to + 'ing' form because they look similar.
http://www.learn-english-today.com/lessons/lesson_contents/verbs/to-be-used-to.html
Explanation on the use of 'be' or 'get' used to in English, with exercise.
http://www.eslbase.com/grammar/get-used-to
Form. be used to + noun or gerund get used to + noun or gerund. Meaning. We use be used to to say that a situation is not new or strange, or is no longer new or  ...
http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-lesson-used-to.php
English Grammar lessons online. Learn how to use used to, be used to, get used to.
http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/115.html
Used to & Be/Get Used To - Choose the correct answer.
http://speakspeak.com/resources/english-grammar-rules/various-grammar-rules/be-used-to-get-...
Be used to + noun phrase or verb-ing (in this pattern used is an adjective and to is a preposition). I am used to getting up early in the morning. I don't mind it.
http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/miscelaneous-topics/be-get-used-to.php
Ambos refieren al presente y van seguidos de un gerundio. To be used to: estar acostumbrado hacer algo. To get used to: acostumbrarse a hacer algo.
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/usedto/menu.php
We use 'used to' for something that happened regularly in the past but no longer ... 'Used to do' is different from 'to be used to doing' and 'to get used to doing'.
http://www.youtube.com/watch%3Fv%3DWJAzQehrCLo
7 Jul 2013 ... How do we use USED TO and BE/GET USED TO in English? This video is aimed at intermediate level and above, and I attempt to remind the ...
http://www.autoenglish.org/modalverbs/gr.used.i.htm
This is an onlline exercise to help you distinguish the modal verbs USED TO, BE USED TO and GET USED TO.







https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/grammar-reference/used-infinitive-and-beget-used
'used to + infinitive' and 'be/get used to' People often get confused about the use of used to + infinitive and be/get used to + 'ing' form because they look similar.
http://www.learn-english-today.com/lessons/lesson_contents/verbs/to-be-used-to.html
Explanation on the use of 'be' or 'get' used to in English, with exercise.
http://www.eslbase.com/grammar/get-used-to
Form. be used to + noun or gerund get used to + noun or gerund. Meaning. We use be used to to say that a situation is not new or strange, or is no longer new or  ...
http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-lesson-used-to.php
English Grammar lessons online. Learn how to use used to, be used to, get used to.
http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/115.html
Used to & Be/Get Used To - Choose the correct answer.
http://speakspeak.com/resources/english-grammar-rules/various-grammar-rules/be-used-to-get-...
Be used to + noun phrase or verb-ing (in this pattern used is an adjective and to is a preposition). I am used to getting up early in the morning. I don't mind it.
http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/miscelaneous-topics/be-get-used-to.php
Ambos refieren al presente y van seguidos de un gerundio. To be used to: estar acostumbrado hacer algo. To get used to: acostumbrarse a hacer algo.
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/usedto/menu.php
We use 'used to' for something that happened regularly in the past but no longer ... 'Used to do' is different from 'to be used to doing' and 'to get used to doing'.
http://www.youtube.com/watch%3Fv%3DWJAzQehrCLo
7 Jul 2013 ... How do we use USED TO and BE/GET USED TO in English? This video is aimed at intermediate level and above, and I attempt to remind the ...
http://www.autoenglish.org/modalverbs/gr.used.i.htm