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Saturday, June 28, 2014

TAKE HOME TASK OF SOCIOLINGUISTICS




SUBJECT                                             : SOCIOLINGUISTICS
STUDY PROG/DEPART                    : ENGLISH LANGUAGE EDUCATION
FACULTY                                            : TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION
STATUS                                               : FINAL TAKE HOME TASK
NAME OF EXAMINER                     : ARIF HERTANTO

 NAME OF EXAMINEE                           : ………………………                    HP.  ………………………
TAKE HOME TASK
Answer the following problems briefly, clearly, and meaningfully. Do this part on a separate paper!
1.      What is alanguage unitiedness’ (peng-ekaan bahasa)? Mention its terms!
2.      Is it possible to have a ‘language unity’ in Indonesia? Why? Explain!
3.      How is the situation of language use in the city where you live? Describe!
4.      What are the functions of language for a nation? Describe!
5.      How to set a language preference among multi languages
 used by the various ethnic groups of a country?
6.      How to conduct a language planning? How are the steps?  
What aspects should be considered?  
And what parties of stake-holder with interests in language planning
Make an example of planning a language!
7.      For a nation, language is the identity that distinguishes it from other nations.  
Without the language of its own, a nation is only 'half the nation.' Explain these statements!
8.      Language should be respected as a ‘huge property’. For Indonesia, 
having hundreds of ethnic languages and various cultures,  its government and people should be aware of and treat the vernaculars as 'treasure' of giant wealth, as long 
as it can make use of them all! Explain those statements!
9.      Be thankful that Indonesia is located on the equator, so Indonesia's national language 
might exist to be the potential language of the world. What do you think of 
those statements? Explain!
10.  How sociolinguistic approaches to language teaching? Give an example! 

11.  You know what domain is ? In general it means …
Sociolinguistically  it means …
12.  To plan a conversation you need to count up the setting.
Setting is defined as …
13.  Do you have any idea, what do your community belong to diglossia or monoglossia? Why?
14.  What is codes-witching, and how does it occur? When will a speaker switch his 
or her code in conversation? Explain your answer!
15.  Do you know what lexical borrowing is? Does it mean you borrow some words   
or expressions of another language to be used through conversation or speech? 
Or it means something else? So what?
16.  What is also language shift?
17.  What do you think of language death and language loss? 
Is it possible that Javanese is dying? Explain your thought!

18.  Now, state your understanding on the following concept:
Ø Language revival
Ø Vernacular language
Ø Standard Language
Ø Lingua franca
Ø Pidgin
Ø Creole
Ø National language
19.  Now about language plan. Do you have any idea on how to plan a national language? 
State the objective, requirement, term and condition, approach, and procedure!

20.  Have you heard the notion of sociolinguistic terminologies? 
Show me your understanding of the following terms
Ø Accent
Ø Dialect
Ø Social dialect
Ø Variation
Ø Vernacular forms
Ø Style
Ø Formal contexts
Ø Social roles

21.  Do you know how many functions of speech a language has?
Clarify the following functions,
Ø Referential function
Ø Directive function
Ø Expressive function
Ø Phatic or Social function
Ø Metalinguistic Function
Ø Poetic Function
Ø Heuristic Function

22.  What are these?
Ø Commissives
Ø Politeness
Ø Positive politeness
Ø Negative politeness
Ø Women's language and confidence

23.  Have you heard Lakoff's linguistic features of women's speech?  
Ø Lexical hedges or fillers (you know, sort of, well, you see)
Ø Tag questions (she's very nice, isn’t she?)
Ø Rising intonation on declaratives (it's really good)
Ø 'Empty' adjectives (divine, charming, cute)
Ø Precise colour terms (magenta, aquamarine)
Ø Intensifiers such as just and so (I like him so much)
Ø 'Hypercorrect' grammar (consistent use of standard verb forms)
Ø 'Superpolite' forms (indirect requests, euphemism)
Ø Avoidance of strong swear words (fudge, my goodness)
Ø Emphatic stress (it was a BRILLIANT performance)
I want your genuine comment on some of those.

24.  What aspects of language are Sociolinguists interested in?
25.  What do sociolinguists mean by the term variety?
26.  What factors lead to language shift?
27.  How can a minority language be maintained?
28.  Is there a relationship between one's language and one's social identity?
29.  Explain women's linguistic behavior (using forms that are more standard)
30.  How do language changes spread?
31.  How do we study language change?
32.  Women's language and confidence
33.  Who interrupts more, men or women? Why?
34.  Who gives more feedback during conversation, men or women?
35.  What is gossip? What functions does gossip have for women? 
What is men's equivalent activity to women's gossip?

36.  What is verbal hygiene?
37.  What is linguistic determinism?
38.  What is discourse?
39.  How is discourse viewed by pragmatics?
40.  What are conversation maxims?
41.  What are the politeness rules that Lakoff introduced?
42.  What is contextualization cause?
43.  Explain overt prestige & covert prestige from a sociolinguistic perspective?
44.  What are the methods of collecting attitude data?
45.  Why do working-class children fail in schools more 
than middle-class children from a sociolinguistic perspective?